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考研英语阅读理解的高分三个方面必须重视

时间:2019-03-23 来源:万众一心网
 

  对于考研英语来说得阅读者得天下,各位考研人只要稍有留心便知阅读在考研英语中所占的比例。阅读作为单词、词组、语法等英语知识点的综合考察项目,在冲刺阶段要想有所突破,就必须抓住“一个中心、两个注意、三个重视”下面陪大家一起来了解一下考研英语阅读理解的“三个重视”:

  三个重视,主要强调在做题的过程中,如何更为有效地排除干扰选项;特别是在选项看不懂的情况下,往往需要重视以下三点。

  一、感情色彩词

  所谓“感情色彩词”是指,句子的表述总会带有作者的感情色彩,最为明显的感情色彩可以分为好与坏。根据好与坏的感情色彩进行选项排除,可以避免做题的时候遇到不会的问题乱蒙的现象。

  【例如】5. According to the author, the American economic situation is .

  A. not as good as it seem.

  B. 宝鸡癫痫病医院排名前十At its turning point

  C. Much better than it seems

  D. Near to complete recovery

  原文:Well, no gain without pain, they say. But what about pain without gain? Everywhere you go in America, you hear tales of corporate revival. What is harder to establish is whether the productivity revolution that businessmen assume they are pre-siding over is for real.

  解题:根据划线处,我们会发现该句中“harder to do sth”表示的感情色彩是不好的,根据这一线索,我们很自然地就会选出A选项。

  二、语气词

  最新治疗癫痫病方法1、含有委婉选项词(may; might; be likely to do; be unlikely to do)的选项保留

  2、绝对选项词(only, all)的选项往往首先排除。

  特别是在做推断题目时这一招,非常管用。

  【例如】what can be inferred about intelligence testing from Paragraph 3?

  A. people no longer use IQ scores as an indicator of intelligence.

  B. More versions of IQ tests are now available on the Internet.

  C. The test contents and formats for adults and children may be different.

  D. Scientists have defined the important e儿童羊癫疯医院lements of human intelligence.

  通过观察选项,我们可以初步确定C选项为我们青睐的选项,而答案选C。

  三、时态

  考研阅读理解,选项的时态对于答案的正误产生直接性影响。一般说来

  1、have done表示已经完成,事情已经做了;did也表示事情已经做过。

  2、doing表示事情正在进行中。

  3、will, may表示事情将要做,还没有做。

  所以考生在考试中一定要看清楚原文句子的时态,否则,做题会因为时态的混淆选错答案。

  【例如】From the passage we can infer that ?

  A. reasoning has played a decisive role in the debate

  B. creationists do not base their argument on reasoning哪里有癫痫治疗医院p>

  C. evolutionary theory is too difficult for non-specialist

  D. creationism is supported by scientific findings

  原文:and all would be well were reason the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate.

  解题:这个句子是一个含有虚拟语气的句子,还原一下语序可以变为:

  If reason were the only judge in the creationism/evolution debate, all would be well.

  翻译:如果理性是神创论和进化论争论的唯一评判标准的话,那么认识事物都可以被很好的予以解决。

  虚拟是一种假设,即这件事情目前根本不存在,不能构成事实。所以,选项A在时态上就与原文不符,应该首先予以排除。

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